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History of magnetic therapy I

The Greek physician Galen noted that magnetism as in magnetic therapy was being used for its purgative powers close to 200 B.C. Around 1000 A.D. a Persian physician named Ali Abbas was using magnetism to treat "spasms" and "gout." In the sixteenth century Paracelsus who was an innovative Swiss doctor, claimed to cure hernias, gout, and jaundice through the use of magnets. Around exactly the same time, Ambroise Pare who was a French surgeon who authored a number of medical books and later on became known as the father of modern surgery provided very graphic instruction on how to heal open wounds and injuries with finely powdered magnetite mixed with honey. However, although these and other individuals understood the effect of magnetic fields on living beings, magnetic therapy was not a widely recognized discipline in past centuries.

To understand the history of modern magnetic therapy and the application of magnetic jewellery in general and the use of magnetic bracelet in magnetic therapy, it's required to examine the even earlier history of magnetism and electromagnetism. Electromagnetism is a fairly new area that emerged only a few hundred years ago, but the knowledge of magnetism goes back to truly ancient times. This I will do in future posting. According to legend, a shepherd named Magues discovered a mineral that attracted the nails of his sandals, or his nails in his cane in some versions) as he crossed the mountains some twenty-five hundred years ago. Today it is known as magnetite. Other sources claim that the word "magnetism" comes from Magnesia, a city in historical Greace where the stone could be discovered. At some point it was observed that when a magnet is left free of charge to spin, it always comes to rest pointing North in exactly the same position. We don't know precisely when this discovery was made, except for the fact that in 1269 Pierre de Maricourt differentiated the two poles. During the twelfth century A.D. this characteristic of magnets was becoming used in navigation by the Arabs, the Vikings, and also the Europeans. The use of some form of magnetic compass was also commonly in use through the Chinese as early as close to A.D. 100. Magnetic treatment was not in wide use at the time, including the utilization of magnetic bracelets in magnetic jewellery. Nevertheless, detailed experiments and observations about the properties of magnetism were not documented until much later on.

Magnets are mentioned in a number of documents written prior to the thirteenth century, but the "broken magnet" experiment, which demonstrates that a magnet is actually composed of numerous smaller magnets, was not known until A.D. 1269. At that time, European did not usually pointed exactly towards the geographic North. Even though the exact nature of magnetism was not yet recognized, close to 1550 the Flemish cartographer G. Mercator, who created the first map of die world, succeeded in solving, much more or less, the problem of the map where the geographic north indicated by the magnetic needle. And in 1500, William Gilbert, the official court doctor of Queen Elizabeth, published his famous work De Magnete, which summarises all that was recognized and believed about magnetism within the Elizabethan age and attests towards the use of magnets in magnetic treatment, occasionally with primitive magnetic bracelets and also the treatment of illness.

About two hundred years later in the eighteenth century the principles of magnetism began to become much better understood. At that time, an emerging and renewed interest within the study of magnetism was developing throughout Europe among doctors, chemists, and particularly physicists. German physician Franz Anton Mesmer was the very first in a long line of scientists to claim that the properties from the magnet offered a cure for all illness. When he came to Paris from Vienna in 1778, his doctrine which was referred to as mesmerism, briefly aroused excellent interest because of some well-publicized cures. Mesmer believed that all living beings are subject towards the influence of a "magnetic fluid" that could be collected and rechanneled by "passes" and manipulation. A little later on, in 1791, during his famous experiment conducted on frogs to study the effects of electricity on muscles and nerves, Italian physicist Luigi Galvani discovered what he believed to be the "animal magnetism" espoused by Mesmer. Nevertheless, the spontaneous contractions observed within the experiment had been not actually caused by animal magnetism but rather by electrochemical phenomena, and we aren't yet talking of applying magnetic bracelets as part of magnetic treatment structured procedure. magnetism as his main field of interest. In 1839 he formulated the mathematical theory of magnet ism and invented the magnetometer. His name was given to the well known magnetic measurement unit gauss.

The Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell in recognized mostly for his contribution towards the kinetic dynamics and also the discovery of magnetostriction (the phenomenon of substances changing in volume when placed in a magnetic area). However he is much more recognized for writing the electromagnetic theory of light in 1865, exactly where he devised the general equations from the electromagnetic field. His theory combined electric and magnetic phenomena and his work play exactly the same role in electromagnetism as Newton's principles and also the law of universal gravitation do in die area of mechanics. Other scholars such as the English physicist Oliver Heaviside and Dutch scientists H. A. Lorentz and Heinrich Hertz later clarified Maxwell's theory, which caused the electromagnetism branch of physics to grow considerably. Hertz proved the existence of "Maxwellian waves," now called short radio-electric waves. The inventor Guglielmo Marconi worked on the practical application of these waves and conducted the very first radio transmission in 1896. Later in 1898 Danish engineer Valdemar Poulsen invented magnetically recorded sound, which numerous of us could not imagine becoming without now days in our modern day day life. Numerous much more applications of magnetism soon followed.

Today, magnets and also the practical application of magnetism and not only magnetic treatment are present in nearly each and every aspect of our lives, from the magnetic levitation systems utilized in transportation and the magnetic resonance devices used in medicine to audio and video systems, personal computers, calculators, and doorbells through to magnetic bracelets.