History of Magnetic Therapy III
The practical application of magnets and magnetic therapy are every where in our lives. What lead to this proliferation of magnets may be the research in the 19th century. Close to 1895, the French physicist Pierre Curie established a clear distinction between Para magnetism, a property of individuals elements that acquire a weak magnetic charge of exactly the same kind as the field they're placed in, and diamagnetism, a property of individuals components that acquire a weak magnetic charge opposite to that of the induction field. Based on an observations William Gilbert had created three hundred years earlier, Curie identified a rise in temperature as the characteristic that signalled a change from ferromagnetism, a property of those components that acquire a strong magnetic charge of the same kind as that of the induction area, to Para magnetism, and he discovered that each substance has its own essential temperature point beyond which it loses its ferromagnetic property. The critical temperature at which this alter takes location is now known since the Curie point. Scientific interest in magnetism had almost disappeared by the early twentieth century. Nevertheless, while most doctors and physicists concentrated their efforts on other areas of study, throughout the world a quantity of researchers continued the study of magnetism and magnetic therapy. They usually worked discreetly, as their work was frequently not taken seriously and was occasionally discredited by their colleagues. Nonetheless, they persisted in their endeavours.
In the mid-1980s, various research and research reports dealing with magnets and the applications of magnetism to health problems magnetic therapy started to emerge. For instance, between 1935 and 1937, Dr. William Campbell of Cambridge University studied the physical outcomes of magnetic fields on rodents along with other small animals. In Germany, Dr. H. Bingenheimer attempted to establish the outcomes of electromagnetic energy on living organisms in (he hope of utilizing electromagnetism to stimulate physical improvement. A little later, between 1956 and 1971, Dr. N. S. Hanoka from the University of Israel studied the impact of magnetic fields on the reduction of infection and also the treatment of injuries in hospitals rather than via magnetic bracelets. Researchers in other nations were involved with various other related studies, some of which confirmed what others had discovered prior to them.
These days efforts are ongoing to effectively apply magnetic properties to physiology. There have been many experiments and research conducted within the United Stales and other countries that have begun to establish the impact of magnetic fields on living beings, and individuals. Nevertheless, even although these studies employ the same research techniques as main stream medicines, the established medicine often ridicule therapies depending on magnetism just as it does all other alternative therapies. Also, a lack of instruments able to monitor weak magnetic field was a issue.
Kamerlingh Onnes established the theory of superconductivity, a discovery that finally made it possible to manufacture the tools and instruments necessary to measure bio magnetic signals of really low intensity, for example individuals in the human body and heart. (Superconductivity is a characteristic of certain metals whose electrical resistance disappears nearly completely at temperatures below a particular threshold. The resistance of superconductors is practically nil, a current flowing in a superconductor circuit can last for weeks without decreasing, even though the circuit has no generator. But as soon since the temperature is raised slightly above the threshold the current rapidly falls to zero. Thus, the birth of magnetic therapy can only be said to have taken location in 1962, when G. H. Baule and R. McFee succeeded in taking the first magneto cardiogram which could be extended to magnetic treatment.
One more highlight in the study of magnetism may be the discovery from the elementary magnetic moment, or magneton, created in 1921 by Otto Stern, a German-born American physicist. As a result of Stern's work, we now know the magnetic properties of atoms. I the year 1954 the American chemist Linus C. Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery of the magnetic properties of haemoglobin. This was a crucial discovery, and we now know that iron is not only involved in transporting the oxygen in haemoglobin, but also plays an important role in cell metabolism. All these discoveries have given us a much better understanding of the effects and applications of magnetic and electric fields and have also contributed to the development of various magnetic resonance equipment now used within the field of medicine.
The study of magnetic therapy continues to expand into the second half from the 20th century. The first International Conference on Magnetic treatment took place in Boston in 1976. This conference was much more a forum for discussion than a formal conference. Subsequent conferences saw a big quantity of presentations on subjects such as neuron magnetism, cardio-magnetism, and other practical applications of magnetic therapy. The eighth International Congress on Magnetic therapy held in Minister Germany in 1991, was attended by four hundred participants from over thirty nations, featured more than 240 presentations on numerous aspects of magnetic treatment, and produced a total of over 130 papers, which were eventually published in a 900 pages book entitled Magnetic therapy: Clinical Aspects. By that time, improved data gathering in multiple areas created it feasible to consist of a much greater number of clinical studies within the area of magnetic therapy and it's application by magnetic bracelets, which became the subject of the most recent conference.
At very first, research in the field of magnetic treatment was conducted only in physical-science or engineering laboratories, simply because the equipment was not obtainable elsewhere. When the Superconductivity Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) system became generally available close to 1971, study was extended to include the biological sciences. Since the early 1990s, this new area of knowledge is even being applied in clinical settings. Nevertheless, powerful bio magnetic gear is costly, and less efficient bio magnetic techniques are only used in clinical environments when nothing else can replace them. When other much less expensive systems are in a position to produce exactly the same results, they can be used rather than the present bio magnetic devices. Researchers are within the procedure of trying to develop limited techniques that cover the patient's head or chest only, which would be much less costly alternatives to individuals that cover the whole body.
It is clear that the improvement of existing bio magnetic techniques, too as the reduction of their considerable production costs, will be required prior to this science can flourish within the medical realm. The development of information interpretation models is also a priority. Once data have been gathered they should be compared to a consistent standard in order to identify exceptions. The challenge in bio magnetic study is to create strategies that lead to reliable conclusions, which can then be used to make accurate diagnoses and suggest effective treatments. At the current level of study and practice, magnetic treatment is still a area restricted to a little number of practitioners.